DEFINITION OF DOMESTIC ABUSE
Domestic Abuse is a pattern of behavior in relationships that is used to maintain and gain power and control through physical, emotional/psychological, economic, sexual and digital means over another person. This deep rooted behaviour is fuelled by age old patriarchy, where men hold primary power.
India has approximately 170 million victims of Domestic Abuse . This abuse happens through parents, partners, in-laws, relatives and friends. Women feel humiliation and shame in discussing such issues with friends and family hence most of the times keep quiet or refuse to revolt. Most women accept their situation as their sealed fate. It has been seen that women and children from abusive environments are often neglected and may suffer from poor mental health. While children display signs of aggressiveness, hyperactivity and disobedience, adults show physical symptoms such as early onset of diabetes or heart problems or overall bad mental health issues such as depression or suicidal tendencies, due to this ceaseless exposure to a noxious environment.
According to a study, almost 58% of abused women reached out to their parents, siblings and friends for support, yet got no help. 66% of abused women have kept quiet about the abuse they face while 75% of abused women have attempted suicide at least once in their lifetime. Despite the fact that Domestic Abuse is so widely spread, there is a high denial of its existence. Conditioning also plays an important role in the reporting and solutions around Domestic Abuse.
Domestic abuse often occurs in a cycle. It is important to understand the cycle, in order to break it. Ending the cycle of abuse requires therapy or counselling. These provide an outlet for the victim to share, an objective perspective of their situation and support to heal