Psychological/Emotional Abuse

A form of mistreatment in which there is intent to cause mental or emotional pain or injury. Psychological abuse includes verbal aggression, statements made that intend to humiliate or infantilize a person, threats of abandonment or institutionalization. Psychological abuse results in stress, social withdrawal, long term or recalcitrant depression or anxiety.

Economic Abuse

Economic abuse is the behaviour that is coercive, deceptive or unreasonably controls another without their consent and in a way that denies them economic or financial autonomy.  It also includes situations where one person withholds or threatens to withhold financial support necessary to meet reasonable living expenses

Sexual Abuse

Sexual abuse is defined as any act of sexual nature performed in a criminal manner with non-consenting adult. This includes rape, incest, oral copulation and penetration of genital or anal opening with a foreign object. This includes lewd or lascivious acts – any sexual act that is expected to trouble or offend someone when done by someone motivated by sexual interests. Sexual abuse is acts related to the sexual exploitation such as pornography, prostitution or coercion to perform obscene acts without consent or willingness to do so

Digital Abuse

Digital abuse is the use of technologies such as texting and social networking to bully, harass, stalk or intimidate someone

Physical Abuse

Physical abuse is any intentional act causing injury or trauma to another person by way of bodily contact. Alternative terms sometimes used include physical assault or physical violence, and may also include sexual abuse. Physical abuse may involve more than one abuser, and more than one victim.